Cytoplasm works to maintain the overall structure and safety of the components of a plant cell. It also has an impact and energy distribution and on various functions of a plant cell.
That is why cytoplasm is one of the core components for cell build-up and hosts almost every component of a cell except for the nucleus. It is found in both plant and human cells and is an essential component for a healthy cellular build-up.
But what does cytoplasm do in a plant cell except for the common benefits that it provides?
Well, if you are wondering this question, then we have got you covered. In this article, we will go through all the details regarding cytoplasm’s effect on plants.
What is Cytoplasm?
In a cell, both plant & animal, there is a heterogeneous jelly-type fluid mixture that is protected by the cell membrane and fills the entire cell called cytoplasm.
The cytoplasm consists of every component of a cell except for the nucleus. This salty liquid is able to support all the cellular molecules and organelles, which is why it is regarded as the substance of cell or cytosol.
The fluid mainly consists of salts, organelles, organic molecules & enzymes. Due to having these components, it creates an optimal environment for the other cell components to thrive in and allows the cell to be healthy & functional.
Types of Cytoplasm
Cytoplasm can be divided into two parts in multicellular trees: endoplasm & ectoplasm. Both have distinct features and host different components of the cell.
Endoplasm is found in the middle of the cytoplasm, where organelles reside. On the other hand, ectoplasm hosts the rest of the cell components and is similar to a gel. Ectoplasm is found at the end part of the cytoplasm, where the cell membrane meets cytoplasm.
General Functions of Cytoplasm
The general functions conducted by cytoplasm are:
It holds the shape of a cell
One of the most important functions of Cytoplasm is that it retains the shape of the cell. If there is no Cytoplasm in a cell then the cell will lose its shape, and the components inside will be damaged, and the cell will die.
It allows the cell components to move
This jelly-like substance ensures that the cell components can move around the cell without taking any damage. The jelly mixture acts as a protective layer for all the other components.
Transports Protein & Lipids
The cytoplasm also ensures that protein and lipids are transferred to cell components without any issues. It is the medium from which the contents of the cell receive essential components such as protein, lipids, and vitamins.
But these are all the common functions that Cytoplasm conducts for any cell. For specific cell types, Cytoplasm offers different functions and benefits.
What Does Cytoplasm Do in A Plant Cell
The main function of Cytoplasm in a plant cell is cytoplasmic streaming or more commonly known as cyclosis. Cyclosis is the process where cell components move around the cell to fill certain conditions.
In plant cells, the Cytoplasm allows the chloroplasts to move around in order to get the required sunlight for photosynthesis. Due to cyclosis, chloroplasts are able to attain the maximum amount of sunlight possible, which is essential for a plant’s survival.
Other than cyclosis, Cytoplasm also ensures that the plant cell structure doesn’t collapse. The cytoplasm also ensures the fact that the plant cell’s membrane wall stays resistant to osmotic pressure created by atmospheric pressure.
This is essential for plant cells as this ensures the transport of water and nutrients from tree roots to individual cells.
So, not only does Cytoplasm works to protect the cell structure, it ensures that the plant cell receives proper sunlight and water & nutrient transportation.
Therefore, without Cytoplasm a plant cell is completely useless.
Is Cytoplasm Present Only in Plant Cell?
No, as mentioned earlier, Cytoplasm is a crucial part of cell build-up, and without it, a cell can not hold its structure and collapses.
The cytoplasm is found in animals, plants, and in single & multiple bacteria cells. In single-cell organisms, they sometimes even act as the nucleus.
That being said, the most usage of Cytoplasm is obviously on animal and plant cells. Some scientists even claim that Cytoplasm has a deeper impact on plant cells compared to animal cells.
Is Cytoplasm Vital for A Plant Cell?
The cytoplasm is crucial for plant cells; therefore, it is vital for plant cells. Without Cytoplasm plant cells won’t be able to obtain the required amount of sunlight for their chloroplasts resulting in poor health for the cell.
Not only that, but if there is no Cytoplasm in a plant cell then its structure will fall, and the cell will slowly die out due to the loss of important cellular components.
That’s not all. If there is no Cytoplasm, then the plant cell won’t be able to transport nutrients and water from the roots to the cell. So, the plant will die out due to malnutrition.
In a few plant cells, there is no nucleus, and the Cytoplasm serves the duty of the nucleus and keeps the cell functioning. So, if Cytoplasm is gone, then those cells will die out.
That is, in short, without cytoplasm, plant cells will die out sooner or later, whether it is from component collapse, malnutrition, lack of sunlight, or other reasons. The only plant cells that don’t have Cytoplasm are Xylem mature, and they are elongated dead cells.
That’s why yes, Cytoplasm is vital for the survival of a plant cell.
The cytoplasm is crucial for both plant and animal cells. If a plant cell doesn’t have cytoplasm functioning properly, then it won’t survive long. So, you can understand how essential it is.
So, if you are suffering from dead plant cells in your garden, then check the condition of Cytoplasm in the cells first!