Animals That Only Eat Plants | List of Herbivores Animals


animals that only eat plants

What is an herbivore? Animals that only eat plants are called herbivores. Herbivores mostly eat plants to get energy. They need lots of energy to live for example cows, sheep and eat all day long to keep them active. Herbivores have evolved digestive systems which are capable of digesting large amounts of plans. The plants are high in fiber and starch, and they provide the main energy source for the herbivores as they need lots of energy. 

We can classified herbivores into four groups

  • Frugivores
  • Granivores
  • Nectivores
  • Folivores

Frugivores

mostly eat raw fruits. Approximately 20% of the mammalians are frugivores and they eat fruit. Frugivores not only eat fruits they also eat leaves and seeds, but they mostly eat fruit. Some frugivores are Chipmunk, Chimpanzee, Lemur, Gibbon.

Granivores

Granivores are also known as seed predation as they eat seeds. Most of the granivores are birds such as Parrot, Finches, Quail & Doves.

Nectivores

The species that eat honey are called nectivores. Most of the birds are nectivores in addition there are some insects that are nectivores. 

Folivores

Folivores are the species that eat plants as their major food. Elephants, sloths, some monkeys are folivores. Join us to find out some animals that only eat plants.

Animals That Only Eat Plants

Deer

Is deer herbivore? Yes, deer is an herbivore as the main diet of a deer is plants including fruits, nuts and twigs, weed, mushrooms, and moos. A deer usually ear approximately two pounds of plants a day. The digestive system of a deer isn’t that good. A deer can’t eat over food as this can cause enterotoxemia. Different types of deer have different diets. Also, you will be surprised to know that some deer eat meat like other herbivores but this is a very uncommon behavior of a deer.

Deer

Classification of deer:

Kingdom: Animalia 

Phylum: Chordata 

Class: Mammalia 

Order: Artiodactyla 

Infraorder: Pecora 

Family: Cervidae

Cow

Cows are examples of herbivores. The main diet of a cow are plants. Cows eat plants and get energy from them. The stomach of a cow is different from other animals. Their stomach is made of four parts and they have different rules to process the food for the cow.

The digestive system of a cow can only process plants. If you feed cow meat they might get sick. The unique digesting system made them great herbivores.

The key reason cows are herbivores:

  • Their digestive systems are designed for digesting grass and foliage
  • Their teeth are dull and designed to process plants, not tough meat.
COW

Classification of cow

​​Kingdom: Animalia 

Phylum: Chordata 

Class: Mammalia 

Order: Artiodactyla 

Family: Bovidae 

Subfamily: Bovinae 

Genus: Bos 

Species: B. taurus

Elephant

The main diet of an elephant are roots, grass & fruit. An adult elephant can eat up to 300 pounds of food in a day which is necessary for its huge body. An elephant doesn’t sleep that much as they need to have a large amount of food for their huge body. African elephants are the biggest elephant in the plants. Asian elephants are also big but they are slightly smaller than African elephants. An elephant can live up to 70 years and the estimated weight of an elephant is around 2.5 tons. For their diet habit elephants are considered an herbivore.

Elephant

Classification of an elephant:

Kingdom: Animalia 

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia 

Order: Proboscidea 

Family: Elephantidae 

Subfamily: Elephantinae

Goat

We are all familiar with goats as they are domestic animals. Also, most of us are also aware of the food habit of a goat. The main food of a goat is green grass. This is enough to make a goat herbivore. Some of the mountain goats eat mosses besides grass but still, they are herbivores. Gots stomach is the same as a cow with 4 chambers. 

Domestic goats can be found all over the world, but the mountain goat can be found in the Rocky Mountains in Alaska, western Montana, South Dakota, Colorado & Washington.

Goat

Classification of a goat:

Kingdom: Animalia 

Phylum: Chordata 

Class: Mammalia 

Order: Artiodactyla 

Family: Bovidae 

Subfamily: Caprinae 

Genus: Capra 

Species: C. hircus

Horse

Horses are naturally grazer and their main diet is grass hay or haylage. They must consume lots of fiber to keep their digestive tract working and they must eat little and often, almost all day long. People usually keep the food bucket near their horse as they eat after sometimes a wild horse can graze for 15-17 hours per day. Now we can say that horses are herbivores.

Horse

Classification of a horse:

Kingdom: Animalia 

Phylum: Chordata 

Class: Mammalia 

Order: Perissodactyla 

Family: Equidae 

Genus: Equus 

Subgenus: Equus 

Species: E. caballus

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