7 Common C3 Plants That Are Drought-Resistant

Examples of C3 Plants

I love plants. I really do. Even if I can’t keep a cactus alive for more than two months, I still appreciate their presence in the world. And today, I’ll tell you about one of my favorite types of plants; C3. 

In the botanical world, c3 plants are extremely admired. Unlike their c4 counterparts, these guys can handle shady environments and cooler temperatures, making them perfect for greener yards and landscaping.

What Are C3 Plants?

What Are C3 Plants

C3 plants are those that use the Calvin Cycle to fix carbon during photosynthesis. The term “C3” comes from the fact that the first stable product of carbon fixation is a three-carbon compound. 

C3 plants include most of the world’s major food crops, such as wheat, rice, soybeans, and potatoes. They are also found in natural ecosystems, such as temperate forests and grasslands. 

These plants are well-adapted to cooler climates and tend to be more drought-resistant than C4 plants. 

However, they are less efficient at photosynthesis and thus require more light to grow. Nevertheless, C3 plants play a vital role in both agriculture and ecosystems worldwide.

An Infographic on 5 Common C3 Plants That Are Drought-Resistant


Clover plant

Scientific Name: Trifolium repens (white clover)


Kingdom:    Plantae

Clade:    Tracheophytes

Order:    Fabales

Family:    Fabaceae

Subfamily:    Faboideae

Tribe:    Trifolieae

Genus:    Trifolium

This one is a small, herbaceous plant and is a member of the legume family. And like other legumes, it has nitrogen-fixing bacteria in its roots. 

This means that it can help to improve soil fertility, making it an ideal crop for farmers who want to reduce their reliance on chemical fertilizers. 

In addition to its agricultural uses, clover is also a popular food source for bees and other pollinators. The flowers are white or pale pink, and they have sweet nectar that bees find irresistible. Clover honey is prized for its mild flavor, and it is often used in baking and confectionary.


Barley plant

Scientific Name: Hordeum vulgare


Kingdom:    Plantae

Order:    Poales

Family:    Poaceae

Subfamily:    Pooideae

Genus:    Hordeum

Species:    H. Vulgare

Barley is a versatile C3 plant that can be used in a wide variety of dishes. It has a nutty flavor and chewy texture, making it a popular choice for soups, stews, and casseroles. 

Archaeological evidence suggests that it was first domesticated in the Fertile Crescent, and it quickly spread to other parts of the world. Today, barley is still an important crop, and it is grown in countries all over the world.

It is also a good source of fiber and protein, making it a nutritious addition to any diet. In addition, it is also sometimes used as livestock feed or as an ingredient in animal bedding. 


Wheat plant

Scientific Name: Triticum aestivum


Kingdom:    Plantae

Clade:    Tracheophytes

Order:    Poales

Family:    Poaceae

Subfamily:    Pooideae

Supertribe:    Triticodae

Tribe:    Triticeae

Genus:    Triticum

Species:       Triticum aestivum

wheat is a cereal grain that belongs to the grass family. It is one of the most widely cultivated crops in the world, and it is a major source of food for both humans and livestock. 

It is a C3 plant, which means that it uses the Calvin cycle to fix carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The grain of wheat is composed of three parts: the bran, the germ, and the endosperm. 

The bran is the outermost layer of the grain and contains fiber and nutrients. The germ is the innermost layer, and it contains the wheat’s vitamins, minerals, and oils. 

The endosperm makes up the largest part of wheat grain, and it contains protein and starch. wheat can be ground into flour to make bread, pasta, pastry, and other baked goods. 


Spinach plant

Scientific Name: Spinacia oleracea


Kingdom:    Plantae

Order:    Caryophyllales

Family:    Amaranthaceae

Genus:    Spinacia

Species:    S. oleracea

Popeye was onto something when he ate spinach to increase his strength. This leafy green is packed with nutrients that can benefit your health in a variety of ways. For one, this C3 plant is a good source of Iron, which is essential for carrying oxygen through your body. 

It’s also rich in vitamins A and K, as well as folate, a water-soluble vitamin that helps the body form red blood cells. In addition, spinach contains lutein and zeaxanthin, two antioxidants that can help to protect your eyes from age-related damage. 


Peanut plant

Scientific Name: Arachis hypogaea


Kingdom:    Plantae

Order:    Fabales

Family:    Fabaceae

Subfamily:    Faboideae

Genus:    Arachis

Species:    A. hypogaea

Peanut is a type of C3 plant native to South America. They were first brought to the United States by African slaves in the 1600s. 

Today, peanuts are grown in warm climates all over the world. Peanuts are a popular food because they are relatively inexpensive and they have a high protein content. In addition, they can be used to make peanut butter, which is a favorite food of many people. 


Cotton plant

Scientific Name: Gossypium hirsutum


Kingdom:    Plantae

Order:    Malvales

Family:    Malvaceae

Genus:    Gossypium

Species:    G. hirsutum

This plant belongs to the mallow family. The fibers of the cotton plant are used to make textile products like fabric and thread. The cotton plant is originates from the drylands of Central Asia and is mainly cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions. 

Cotton is a C3 plant, and due to this difference in photosynthetic pathways, C3 plants are less efficient at fixing carbon dioxide than C4 plants. However, this difference is not large enough to affect agricultural productivity on a global scale. 


Orchardgrass plant

Scientific Name: Dactylis glomerata


Kingdom:    Plantae

Order:    Poales

Family:    Poaceae

Subfamily:    Pooideae

Genus:    Dactylis

Species:    D. glomerata

Here is a cool-season grass, meaning that it grows best in the spring and fall. It has a deep root system that helps it to withstand drought, and it is also resistant to many types of insects and diseases.

Orchardgrass is a valuable crop for farmers and ranchers, and it can also be used as a ornamental grass in landscaping.

Mohammed Rujel

Over the Years, I have gained a lot of experience in different aspects of gardening. I actively learned about plants and how to care for them, and also have a lot of experience in dealing with pests and diseases. My expertise is on teaching how to grow healthy plants and make them look their best.

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